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Aeolian Islands.

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Aeolian Islands.

Page Type: Area/Bike Park

Location: Messina, Italy, Europe

Lat/Lon: 38.50421°N / 14.91257°E

Trail Type: Cross Country, Mountain, Cyclocross

Season: Spring, Summer, Fall

 

Page By: chaberton

Created/Edited: May 30, 2013 / Jun 5, 2013

Object ID: 287050

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Toponym

 
Aeolus
Aeolus


The islands take their name from the god of the winds Aeolus.

Aeolus settled on these islands and lived in Lipari, where could predict the weather by observing the shape of the clouds puffing from an active volcano, probably the Stromboli.




Geological Origin (Aeolian arc)

The Aeolian Islands are a volcanic system determined by the subduction of oceanic lithosphere beneath the continental, determining the fusion with release of magma that reached the surface, it forms an island arc, the arc Aeolian archipelago, 200 km long and comprises, in addition to the seven volcanic islands emerged from various seamounts (seamount) (Alcyone, Lametini, Palinuro, Glabro, Marsili, Sisyphus, Aeolus, Enarete).

submerged volcanic systems of the Archipelago of the Aeolian Islands.
submerged volcanic systems of the Archipelago of the Aeolian Islands.

Volcanic activity on the islands

 
Inside the breath of the volcano
The Breath.
The Aeolian Islands are a pole of geological interest and inexhaustible source of continuous and exciting discoveries for showmanship and scientific interest. In each island there are interesting geological phenomena and sometimes unique:

Stromboli crater is always in constant activity, so as to constitute a beacon for sailors of all ages and activity made up of periodic bouts is used to define the same type of activities for volcanoes around the world,

in Panarea there are "boiling eddies," very high gaseous emissions into the sea of volcanic gases; Lipari there are baths with hot water springs used since Roman times;

Volcano in addition to the fumaroles on the crater, there are the hot mud healing has always been used to treat the skin and immediately next to the hot springs, fumaroles light also used to treat rhinitis.

On the brink of the volcano.
On the brink of the volcano.


All the islands are of volcanic origin and ancient extinct craters are present everywhere. Stromboli is an island training very recently, the last of the Aeolian Islands to have emerged from the sea. Probably his birth was preceded by that of the Strombolicchio, a small volcano of which the last is the rest isolated rock in the sea, at a distance of one kilometer and a half from the island today. This rock is what remains of lava eruption consolidated into the ear, while the volcanic cone, consisting of pyroclastic materials inconsistent and small lava flows laid on them, was completely demolished by the sea.
The geological setting of the emerged portion of Panarea is the result of volcanic activity rather articulated developed in a time interval comprised between about 200,000 and less than 10,000 years ago.

Vertical section of the volcanoes of the Aeolian Islands.
Vertical section of the volcanoes of the Aeolian Islands


More information on the website of Stromboli The style of volcanic activity is mainly characterized by the emplacement of domes and dependent of lava flows and dikes.

The Islands

PANAREA: A first products outcropping on the island are related to the stage of volcanic activity referred to as Paleo- Panarea and are represented by bodies duomici to-andesitic composition dacitica the northern sector, and some lava flows covered by pyroclastic breccias outcropping exclusively along the western sector. The phenomenon of origin vucanica now present in Panarea and that is the most important are the boiling eddies, find out more you can visit the website of Panarea SICILY are many craters of extinct volcanoes for centuries, the most striking are the volcanic pumice quarries, a lightweight and inert white that gives some areas a lunar aspect. And then everywhere traces of volcanic phenomena such as fumaroles of the kaolin, the mouth of hot air in Piano Greek, Terme di San Calogero.

SALINA :the formation of the island had a very complex story, which took place through two distinct periods of volcanic activity, separated by a long period of quiescence. The first period began about 500,000 years ago, during the latter stages of the Mindel glaciation, ie when the sea level was much lower than the current one. Were formed then two islands distinct, separate between them. The West one, consisting of the Vulcan Raven, the other further east, formed by two volcanoes joined together: the Volcano Cape, which is the end of the current North East of the island, and the volcano Monte Rivi in South west of it. Their craters are hardly recognizable today. In a second step at the end of the Mindel glaciation, south of Monte Rivi was formed Vulcano della Fossa delle Ferns, which reached the level of almost a thousand meters. It forms the fourth South East of the island of Salina, looming over the villages of Santa Marina and Language. For more information, visit the island of Salina .

VOLCANO: is dominated by a volcanic cone with only fumarolic activity, but many volcanic phenomena are present on the island, from the sludge to the warm waters up to several heat vents that were said geysers and that in the past it was thought to use to produce electricity. The crater of Vulcano was joined by that of Vulcanello, an ancient crater now no longer in business. More information on the site of Vulcan .

Filicudi & Alicudi
Alicudi & Filicudi


FILICUDI: is nothing more than the upper part of a complex type structure submerged volcanic. From the Pleistocene were formed many eruptive centers and the like, now we can distinguish six different volcanic structures: from wire of Sciacca Zucco Grande, and Monte Fossa delle Ferns Terrione, the Hillock and finally Capo Graziano. Today there are more signs of volcanic activity secondary even if at the end of the last century was signaled a hot spring no longer identified. More information on the site Filicudi .

ALICUDI: is entirely in its own right, it stands as a big rock by the sea, not accessible, a small village, a berth in the open sea, a single existing road that runs along the sea and then steps on steps to access the houses that go up to the top dell'isole and where there is a plateau where once were held the animals, cows, sheep, goats. More information on the site Alicudi . The Aeolian Islands can rent villas and apartments on the sea and in contact with nature in all the islands.

History

The Aeolian Islands, also known as the Lipari Islands are an archipelago of volcanic origin, located in the Tyrrhenian Sea, in the province of Messina to the north coast of Sicily. They include two active volcanoes, Stromboli and Vulcano, as well as various secondary volcanic phenomena.

The archipelago consists of the following islands:
Alicudi-
Filicudi-
Lipari-
-Panarea (with the islands of basaltic Basiluzzo, Dattilo and Lisca Bianca).
Salina-
-Stromboli (with the nearby rock Strombolicchio)
Volcano-

Increasingly popular tourist destination, the islands attract up to 200,000 visitors annually.

The Aeolian Islands have been designated World Heritage by UNESCO for the volcanic phenomena, but such appointment may be revoked due to the planned construction of a large new marina at Lipari. The situation is still evolving, but the recent funding for the establishment of a National Park of the Aeolian Islands could lead to the annulment of the port project.

The human presence in the archipelago is since the dawn of time. The prehistoric people were in fact definitely attracted by the presence of large amounts of obsidian, a mineral of volcanic origin through which the Aeolian Islands were at the center of flourishing trade routes since the days of ancient Rome. The first settlements were already a few centuries before 4000 BC, the Neolithic Age. The obsidian, which in those days was a material due to the fact sought to be as sharp of which man possessed at the time, son trades so intense as to give great prosperity to the islands. From Lipari was exported in large quantities to Sicily, southern Italy, Liguria, Provence and Dalmatia. In Lipari was born so one of the most populous settlements in the Mediterranean, and from 3000 BC the wealth of Lipari is extended to six other islands, which began to be populated. Between the sixteenth and fourteenth century BC became important because placed on the trade route of metals, in particular the pond that came by sea from distant emporiums of Britain and transiting the Straits of Messina to the east.
In 260 was the scene of the battle of Lipari between Rome and Carthage. In Roman times, became centers of trade of sulfur, alum and salt.

In 1544, when Spain declared war on France, the French king Francis I asked for help from the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent. This sent a fleet commanded by Khayr al-Din Barbarossa, who sailed on the Aeolian islands and attacked, killing and deporting its inhabitants. According to its design the Aeolian should have been an outpost from which to attack Naples.
Over the centuries, the archipelago was repopulated again by the Spanish communities, Sicily and the rest of Italy.

In the Borbonic period the island of Vulcano was used as a penal colony for the forced extraction of alum and sulfur.

Getting There,

Airport of Catania " FONTANAROSSA".
Then Daily transport by ferry or hydrofoil from the port of Milazzo.


Red tape and camping.

None. You can visit the Whole islands with bicycle.

there are campsites on the islands of Vulcano, Lipari and Salina.
Bed and breakfast, guest houses and hotels on all the islands.



External Links.

Aeolian Islands

Images

From the top of the volcano.AeolusThe Archipelago.Filicudi & AlicudiCompass Rose.On the brink of the volcano.submerged volcanic systems of the Archipelago of the Aeolian Islands.
Vertical section of the volcanoes of the Aeolian Islands.Inside the breath of the volcanoThe giant that never sleeps.Archipelago.Black Sand.1923/2013