Preamble.This is a small page dedicated to ancient and recent history of my city: "Torino".
Celts, Romans, Ostrogoths, Lombards, Franks, and finally the "Piemontesi" are the people who have made the history of my city.
Celtic Period.The fertile Po Valley, originated from melting glaciers, dating from the last ice age, has always been (the dawn of time and man), a human settlement.
Shepherds, farmers and hunters have always lived on the shores of its main river, the Bodenco (Po).
The great river that crosses from west to east across the Italian peninsula and that originates the king of rock: The Monviso.
The first people of whom we have historical knowledge, who built a city (huts of mud and straw) on the banks of the river Po and Dora, was the people of "Taurini."
It was a Celtic people, proud and combative, which allied with the Romans.
In 218 before Christ, watched (unfortunately for him) the invasion of Hannibal in Italy.
More than a thousand Taurini were posed to defend the city, but after a siege of three days, were routed by the army of the famous Hannibal.
The reinforcements promised by the Romans never arrived.
Roman Period.One hundred and sixty years after the massacre of Taurini by Hannibal, a Roman legion approached the Western Alps.
Was commanded by Caesar Augustus, and came in the plains of Taurasia, decided to build a Roman camp, which became a permanent garrison of the Roman Republic.
Since then, the urban structure of the city of Turin, it was decided forever.
Long avenues that intersect at right and parallel angles to each other, the typical structure of a Roman camp.
In the year 28 BC during the reign of Octavianus Augustus, the camp became a real Roman town on the border with the the name of "Augusta Taurinorum."
Ostrogoths, Longobards & the Franks.After the fall of the Roman Empire (sixth century AD), the valley of Susa and its alpine hills soon became "the Gate of Italy."
The first people that dominated the plain was that of the Ostrogoths, led by proud Sisige.
Soon other invaders went to the house in Piedmont, were the Longobards led by Adelchi.
A precise point of the lower Susa Valley became the new boundary between the Italian peninsula and the Frankish Kingdom. These were the "Locks of St. Michael", dominated by Monte Pirchiriano.
The Longobards built some impressive fortifications from end to end of the valley, making it inaccessible passage.
In the autumn of 773 AD, the army of Charlemagne fell in Italy, and after defeating the Longobards, installed in Turin one of his count.
Turin became Franca.
Kingdom of Savoy.
In 1559, after the Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis, the city became the capital of the Duchy of Savoy, who had previously gravitated towards Chambéry, and was equipped with modern walls and a pentagonal citadel.
The seventeenth century saw the city and the Duchy grow with the acquisition by the latter of Asti, Monferrato and an outlet to the sea, and the city came from the perimeter of the Roman wall.
In 1706 came the Siege of Turin by the Franco-Spanish. The city and the Piedmontese army resisted and rejected it for one hundred seventeen days of the siege.
In 1713 the dukes of Savoy gained the title of king, before Sicily and then of Sardinia. Turin became the capital of the kingdom.