The Tuna Fishery
Since the first century before Christ, Strabone documents the presence of schools of tuna in the Tyrrhenian Sea and in that of the Elbe.
The fishery began in the island in the seventeenth century during the reign of Francis I de Medici (Grand Duke of Tuscany).
After about two centuries of fishing carried out in the gulf of Portoferraio, at the end of the eighteenth century, the trap was moved to Enfola.
From the seventeenth century on the isthmus of Enfola was planted a tuna fishery neighbor across to another located in Marciana Marina (abandoned in 1959).
The structures of the ground: the great edifice of the arsenal, the service areas and fish processing are completed in 1810.
The Enfola was the ideal place for this activity, insulation and ventilation, where the smells of fish processing would not have bothered anyone.
The island Elba produced and exported a large amount of salted tuna, olive oil and botargo.
The entrails of the tuna were instead consumed on site and formed the base of "buzzamaglia" (stew with peas).
Today the ancient reamins of the Tuna Fischery of Enfola have become the House of the :"Tuscan Archipelago Marine Park".
The Tuna trapThe tuna trap was a large net whose geometrical model was imported by the Grand Duke of Tuscany by copying the oldest traps in western Sicily.
The main elements that make up a trap shall be: "The foot and the pedal".
The pedal is a massive net of barrier that starting from the coast is buoyed by floats traditionally made of cork.
The pedals of the traps can be up to 2 km and longer.
The tuna passing near the coast met the damming of the pedal and followed him up to the rooms of the network that costiruivano the "Island".
The various rooms of the net, with an extension of up to 400 m., Had the task of conveying the lpesce until the final chamber ( Ponente), where the massacre took place.
On 24 June 1958, did at Enfola the last "slaughter" and the catch was 22 tons.
On June 25, a very strong current dramtically changed the Tonnara, making a big ball of nets and ropes. This led to the end of tuna fishing in Elba.
"The Rover" Movie 1966
At Enfola the unforgettable "Gilda" (Rita Haywort) starred in what was then called a blockbuster, "The Adventurer" (adapted from a novel by Joseph Conrad).
It was October 1966, and with her, arrived on Elba, stars like Anthony Quinn and Rosanna Schiaffino the orders of the director Terence Young and producer Alfredo Bini.
The arsenal but also the 'neighborhood' of the former tuna fishery hosted the first shots of a feature film intended to mark a page historical film, which cost at the time the bombastic figure of two billion dollars.
About sixty people were employed in the shooting, among them several extras 'native' including Emanuele Ridi, the former tonnarotto nephew of the last dictator, Marco Laugh, "the Lord of Enfola."
The last scene of the movie was filmed in the square in front of the trap, a fire chanting the latest sequences. The windows, the doors, the roof partly torn off were engulfed in flames and for a long time were blackened, such as burn victims.